The seismic wave generated by blasting will form a shock wave, which will transmit huge blasting energy to the surroundings. Its velocity or acceleration value exceeds the seismic design standard of the building, which will cause the deformation and cracking of the building or even destroyed when the seismic wave is transmitted to the building.Explosion energy along with the blasting seismic wave propagating and releasing in the slope rock mass often leads to the loosening or destruction of the slope rock mass, so it is also one of the factors that cause the displacement of the slope rock mass.The surrounding buildings and people can be suffered different degrees of damage when explosives in the air. In the near zone, the detonation products and the air shock wave will act together, and in the far zone, it will also be affected by the shock wave. In the near region, the co-action of detonation products and air shock waves, in the far region, it will also be affected by shock waves.
Therefore, it is an indispensable work to carry out effective safety monitoring for blasting and to master the control of blasting operation for the safety distance monitoring of blasting source and its surroundings. Blasting safety monitoring system is a set of comprehensive monitoring system with high efficiency and strong analytical force. By testing the vibration caused by blasting, the monitoring activities of blasting vibration peak value, main vibration frequency and vibration duration are judged. Through blasting vibration monitoring, we can not only study the attenuation law of blasting seismic wave, the relationship between seismic wave parameters and blasting mode, but also optimize the possible problems in blasting design. The response characteristics of the construction site to scientifically define the affected areas and damage degree of the surrounding buildings.